Minimizing artifact-induced false-alarms for seizure detection in wearable EEG devices with gradient-boosted tree classifiers


Electroencephalography (EEG) is widely used to monitor epileptic seizures, and standard clinical practice consists of monitoring patients in dedicated epilepsy monitoring units via video surveillance and cumbersome EEG caps. Such a setting is not compatible with long-term tracking under typical living conditions, thereby motivating the development of unobtrusive wearable solutions. However, wearable EEG devices present the challenges of fewer channels, restricted computational capabilities, and lower signal-to-noise ratio. Moreover, artifacts presenting morphological similarities to seizures act as major noise sources and can be misinterpreted as seizures. This paper presents a combined seizure and artifacts detection framework targeting wearable EEG devices based on Gradient Boosted Trees. The seizure detector achieves nearly zero false alarms with average sensitivity values of 65.27% for 182 seizures from the CHB-MIT dataset and 57.26% for 25 seizures from the private dataset with no preliminary artifact detection or removal. The artifact detector achieves a state-of-the-art accuracy of 93.95% (on the TUH-EEG Artifact Corpus dataset). Integrating artifact and seizure detection significantly reduces false alarms—up to 96% compared to standalone seizure detection. Optimized for a Parallel Ultra-Low Power platform, these algorithms enable extended monitoring with a battery lifespan reaching 300 hours. These findings highlight the benefits of integrating artifact detection in wearable epilepsy monitoring devices to limit the number of false positives.

Nature Scientific Reports
Thorir Mar Ingolfsson
Thorir Mar Ingolfsson
PhD Student in Robust and Practical Machine Learning

My research interests include TinyML, Hardware Aware NAS and application of ML for bio-signals.